In 1959, physicist and future Nobel prize winner Richard Feynman gave a lecture to the American Physical Society called “There’s Plenty of Room at the Bottom.” and here is what he meant by it.
Nanotechnology: Nanotechnology, or nanotech, is the study and design of machines on the molecular and atomic level. To be considered nanotechnology, these structures must be anywhere from 1 to 100 nanometers in size. A nanometer is equivalent to one-billionth of a regular meter, which means that these structures are extremely small. The innovations in nanotechnology will range from a wide range of applications which will change the shape of the world.
- As we have seen movies like Star Trek and Transporters, the concept of Molecular Manufacturing is taking its heat and if the understanding of the molecular structures is more intensified, there can be unlimited discoveries which world has never ever seen before.
- In the medical industry, the research in molecular level of drugs can lead to making NanoRobots, which a patient can drink with a fluid and it can detect and destroy cancerous cells in his/her body. This is revolutionize cancer research and other medicinal drugs preventing the most prevalent diseases like typhoid and malaria.
- After the latest discovery of graphene (the new carbon allotrope) in 2005, the electronic properties characterized by the material will change the shape of semiconductor devices, integrated circuits and its applications. IBM and Intel are doing intensive research on this new allotrope of carbon and millions of dollars are being spent on its experimentation.
- Computers and robots could be reduced to extraordinarily small sizes. Medical applications might be as ambitious as new types of genetic therapies and anti-aging treatments. New interfaces linking people directly to electronics could change telecommunications.And human behavior could change the way the world lives today.